GENERAL

WILD ANIMALS AND BIRDS

In the Akola taluka of Ahmadnagar district there are some patches of natural ever-green type of forests confined to the hills. In the rest of the talukas of the district there are practically no such patches of natural forest except the afforestation areas cultivated during the last few years. As such the wild life in Ahmadnagar district is poor and sparse. However, the following wild animals and birds are found in the district:—

(1) The Panther—Panthoropardus—is found occasionally in the hilly forest areas of the Akola, Rajur, Rahuri and Shrigonda ranges.

TABLE No. 3—NORMALS AND EXTREMES OF RAINFALL

Station

No. of years of data

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

April

May

June

July

Aug.

Ahmadnagar

50

(a)

7.1

1.5

4.1

10.7

20.8

128.3

97.5

73.7

(b)

0.5

0.2

0.3

1.0

1.6

7.2

6.8

4.6

Parner

50

(a)

6.3

2.0

2.0

9.9

21.8

110.0

94.7

74.4

(b)

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.7

1.5

6.6

8.2

6.0

Shrigonda

50

(a)

5.6

1.0

1.0

8.4

16.8

100.3

63.3

51.8

(b)

0.4

0.1

0.1

0.6

1.3

5.9

5.7

3.9

Karjat

50

(a)

6.1

2.5

1.8

9.9

17.8

108.2

69.1

68.8

(b)

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.8

1.4

5.7

5.6

4.7

Mirajgaon

45

(a)

5.8

1.3

2.5

11.9

20.6

114.8

81.5

70.6

(b)

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.7

1.3

6.1

6.0

4.7

Jamkhed

50

(a)

7.4

2.8

3.3

10.4

15.2

131.6

112.8

88.4

(b)

0.5

0.3

0.4

1.0

1.6

7.3

8.0

6.6

Shevgaon

50

(a)

6.3

3.6

2.8

5.8

14.2

123.7

114.8

86.9

(b)

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.5

1.1

7.3

6.8

5.6

Pathardi

37

(a)

6.9

3.8

5.3

7.6

14.5

136.4

102.1

85.3

(b)

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.6

1.1

6.9

6.9

5.5

Nevasa

50

(a)

8.1

2.3

5.1

3.8

11.4

111.3

105.7

78.0

(b)

0.5

0.2

0.4

0.4

0.9

6.4

6.9

6.1

Rahuri

50

(a)

5.1

1.8

3.1

5.3

15.7

100.6

92.7

57.9

(b)

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.4

1.4

5.8

5.9

4.2

Kopargaon

50

(a)

4.8

2.5

2.5

3.6

15.0

98.0

97.3

68.8

(b)

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.4

1.1

6.0

8.1

5.4

Akola

50

(a)

3.3

0.3

1.5

10.2

20.3

98.3

156.2

84.1

(b)

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.8

1.4

6.3

11.9

8.3

Sangamner

50

(a)

5.3

0.8

1.5

6.3

17.0

89.1

89.7

56.1

(b)

0.4

0.1

0.1

0.6

1.2

5.7

6.7

4.2

Ahmadnagar (District)

 

(a)

6.0

2.0

2.8

8.0

17.0

111.6

98.3

72.7

(b)

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.7

1.3

6.4

7.2

5.4

(a)=Normal rainfall in mm.

(b)=Average number of rainy days (days with rain of 2. 5 mm or more).

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Annual.

Highest annual rainfall as percentage of normal year*

Lowest annual rainfall as percentage of normal year*

Heaviest rainfall in 24 hours†

Amount (mm.)

Date

175.5

57.7

36.1

8.9

621.9

180

46

177.3

1931, Jun. 28

(1938)

(1912)

8.4

3.5

1.7

0.5

36.3

158.2

59.4

31.2

4.3

574.2

187

43

150.1

1902, Sept. 14

         

(1916)

(1905)

8.2

3.8

1.7

0.3

37.9

152.9

75.7

33.0

5.8

515.6

182

48

188.0

1958, July 22

         

(1948)

(1945)

7.5

4.3

1.7

0.4

31. 9

168.1

65.3

33.5

5.8

556. 9

200

43

167.6

1882, Aug. 31

         

(1938)

(1905)

8.0

4.0

1.7

0.4

33.2

177.8

61.5

35.1

4.8

588.2

171

45

190.5

1937, April 19

         

(1948)

(1920)

8.3

3.7

1.9

0.5

34.1

176.8

59.7

33.8

9.7

651.9

167

49

213.4

1893, Sept. 7

         

(1917)

(1920)

8.6

3.6

1.8

0.6

40.3

185.4

51.8

32.0

5.8

633.1

188

37

252.7

1934, Sept. 7

         

(1934)

(1918)

8.4

3.1

1.7

0.4

36.2

206.5

53.6

36.3

10.7

669.0

190 (1938)

43 (1920)

163.8

1926, Sept. 12

9.6

3.4

1.9

0.6

37.7

162.6

60.5

32.0

7.9

588.7

156 (1938)

38 (1920)

218.4

1950, Sept. 9

7.9

3.1

1.4

0.5

34.7

143.0

53.3

35.1

6.3

519.9

190 (1948)

41 (1905)

154.9

1946, Nov. 16

7.4

2.8

1.6

0.4

30.8

129.8

51.6

32.8

5.3

512.0

203

41

330.2

1951, Oct. 15

         

(1916)

(1920)

7.3

3.0

1.7

0.5

34.4

124.2

59.9

35.6

2.8

596.7

159

48

144.8

1946, Nov. 19

   

(1944)

(1904)

6.8

3.6

1.7

0.3

41.5

136.7

54.6

36.1

3.3

496.5

199

32

125.2

1889, Sept. 15

         

(1916)

(1920)

6.8

3.6

1.6

0.4

31.4

161.3

58.8

34.0

6.3

578.8

159

51

         

(1956)

(1920)

7.9

3.5

1.7

0.5

35.5

   

* Years given in brackets.

† Based on all available data upto 1959.

TABLE No. 4—NORMALS AND EXTREMES OF TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY (AHMADNAGAR)

Month

Mean daily maximum temperature

Mean daily minimum temperature

Highest maximum ever recorded

Lowest minimum ever recorded

Relative humidity

0830*

1730*

 

C

C

C

Date

C

Date

January

29.2

11.9

36.1

1897 Jan. 19

2.2

1945 Jan. 7

54

31

February

31.4

18.4

38.9

1897 Feb. 19

2.8

1911 Feb. 2

46

25

March

35.3

17.4

40.6

1934 March 31

7.8

1892 March 6

38

19

April

38.0

21.1

43.1

1958 April 25

10.1

1926 April 22

37

19

May

38.9

22.4

43.7

1960 May 9

10.1

1917 May 4

47

22

June

33.6

22.3

43.3

1920 June 3

18.3

1907 June 18

72

52

July

29.6

21.5

37.2

1955 July 9

17.8

1944 July 19

77

66

August

29.6

20.7

36.7

1899 Aug. 27

16.1

1913 Aug. 29

79

63

September

30.0

20.0

36.7

1812 Sept. 25

14.4

1896 Sept. 18

79

63

October

31.4

18.7

37.6

1960 Oct. 21

10.6

1914 Oct. 24

64

46

November

29.6

14.7

35.6

1898 Nov. 10

5.6

1892 Nov. 21

59

40

December

28.5

11.7

33.3

1953 Dec. 2

3.3

1926 Dec. 28

57

33

Annual

32.1

18.0

--

--

--

--

59

40

* Hours I. S. T.

TABLE No. 5—MEAN WIND SPEED IN KM./HR. (AHMADNAGAR)

Jan.

Feb.

March

April

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Annual

6.0

7.4

8.4

9.7

12.2

13.0

15.1

13.7

9.7

7.4

6.6

5.5

9.6

TABLE No. 6—SPECIAL WEATHER PHENOMENA (AHMADNAGAR)

Mean number of days with

Jan.

Feb.

March

April

May

June

Thunder

0.2

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

1.6

Hail

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dust-storm

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

Squall

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.4

0.1

0.1

Fog

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.0

Mean number of days with

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Annual

Thunder

0.1

0.3

2.1

2.0

0.7

0.2

12.2

Hail

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dust-storm

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

Squall

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.8

Fog

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.1

0.6

(2) Among the carnivorous animals found in the district are the jackal, Kolha or Sheal, canis-aureus the hyena, the wild cat (Felis chus).

(3) The herbivorous animals commonly found in Ahmadnagar district are as under:—

(a) The Indian Gazelle, Chinkara (Gazella bennetti);

(b) The Black bucks, Harine (cervicapra).

(4) Animals such as the Hare, Khargosh (Leous nigricollis rufi-caudatus), Parempine (Hystrix lucura) are also found in almost all the forest areas.

(5) Among the birds the peafowl (Pavo cristatus), Grey and painted partridges, Tetar (Francolinus spp), the Pater (Coturnix spp), the green pigeons, hariyal (Phoenicoprerus Crocopus) are found in Shrigonda, Rahuri, Parner, Akola and Rajur Forest Ranges.

(6) The Great Indian Bustard (Choriotis nigriceps). This bird is making a precarious existence and heading towards extinction, and is seen infrequently, on the borders of Aurangabad division in the Newasa and Shevgaon talukas. Its flight is limited and is in the fields and plains not far away from human habitation, which makes its existence vulnerable to the village shikaris who ruthlessly kill it as a table-bird.

The population of the aquatic birds is limited due to the small water-spread in the district. Some varieties of ducks (sarkidioruis spp) are found near the tanks in the district.

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