AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

IRRIGATION

[The account upto 1884 is based on the information from the old Ahmadnagar District Gazetteer.]

Prior to 1884, irrigational facilities in the district mainly included well-watering or motasthal and small channel-watering or patasthal. The area of neither class was large. At the same time the want of a large enough supply of water and of land at a suitable level made the area of channel-watered land much less than the area of well-watered land. Most of the dams or bandharas were built of mud and had to be repaired every year after the rains. Such bandharas were found throughout the district especially in Parner, Shrigonda, Karjat, Ahmadnagar, Kopargaon and Sangamner talukas, built across the many small early-dry streams which seam the country. Even now this practice is in vogue. Besides, wells were also used for irrigating all over the district. They were the property of individuals, but the small dams or bandharas belonged to all who used to share in its building or in its repairing. A sluice-man or patkari, whose business was to keep the channel in order, used to arrange the share of water according to the area of land held by each sharer and for this he was paid by a grant of land or by a small share of the produce of the watered land. Some wells used in watering fields and gardens were square with a flight of steps but most were round. Generally, they were eight to ten feet across and ranged from eighteen to seventy-eight feet deep and built with brick or stone and mortar or dry cut stone, often only on the side on which the bucket or mot was worked. In 1882-83, of 26,306 wells 1,718 had steps. The cost of sinking and building a step-well varied from Rs. 120 to Rs. 5,000 and of a stepless well between Rs. 100 and Rs. 3,000.

Besides the small bandharas and irrigation wells, there were a few Government water works which mainly included the Bhatodi lake and the Ojhar and Lakh canals of the Pravara river water scheme. The following statement gives sources of water-supply in the district since 1882-83: —

1882-83

1. Bhatodi lake

2. Ojhar and Lakh canals

3. Private irrigation wells — 26,306

1922-23

1. Private irrigation wells — 35,041

2. Tanks — 90

3. Other sources — 1

1952-53

1. Government canals — 13

2. Private canals—-136,

3. Private irrigation wells — 46,589

4. Reservoirs — 7

5. Tanks — 4

1962-63

1. Government canals—18

2. Private canals — 450

3. Private irrigation wells — 69,880

4. Reservoirs — 9

5. Tanks — 25

1965-66

1. Government canals —18

2. Private canals — 442

3. Private irrigation wells — 74,868

4. Tanks — 4

The following statement gives decade variation in the area irrigated by different sources of water-supply since 1890-91: —

(Area in acres)

 

1890-91

1900-01

1910-11

1920-21

By canals

5,092

6,399

3,880

1,62,553

By wells and tanks

78,411

59,704

77,600

67,395

By other sources

--

546

9,095

95,158

Total

83,503

66,649

90,575

3,25,106

 

1940-41

1950-51

1960-61

1970-71*

By canals

57,426

85,000

1,11,800

43,899

By wells

1,06,441

1,24,000

2,21,000

1,03,961

By tanks

--

2,300

2,900

--

Total

1,63,867

2,11,300

3,35,700

1,47,860

* Figures for 1970-71 are in hectares.

Bhatodi Lake: The Bhatodi lake was built by Salabat Khan, Minister of the Nizamshahi king Murtaza Nizamshah I (1565-1588). It is on the Mehkri, a feeder of the Sina, which rises ten miles north-east of the town of Ahmadnagar. Unlike most native works of the kind the dam was in two parts, a low massive masonry wall and some distance behind the wall an earthen bank forming the chief part of the dam. The explanation of this double line of defence is believed to be that the original dam was made entirely of earth and was breached either for want of a proper arrangement for flood escape or because proper care was not taken to prevent leakage. To remedy this mistake a masonry dam was begun but never finished. As it was evident that much of the old work could be turned to use in restoring it the project has received considerable attention among others from Captain Meadows Taylor. It was not until the formation of the Irrigation Department in 1862 that complete plans and estimates were prepared and sanctioned. The work was begun early in 1868 and was finished in 1877. It is a masonry dam 2,316 feet long and fifty feet in maximum height. The waste weir has been constructed on the left bank and is 450 feet wide. Through this the overflow passes into a channel which joins the river some distance below the dam. On the right bank is the main irrigation canal 4 miles long capable, at the head, of discharging 140 cubic feet a second. There are also branch canals with an aggregate length of 3 miles. The take-off level of the main canal is 22 feet below the crest of the waste-weir. The lake drains 44 square miles, and when full, has an area of 310 acres and an available capacity of 149 millions of cubic feet. It is estimated to fill with a rain-fall of 5 2/5 inches of which a quarter of an inch runs off. The work was partially completed and opened on the 1st of November 1871. As the water rose 8 feet over the masonry in the gap the dam was raised five feet more and a cistern was added to break the force of the falling water. The storage was thereby increased to 108 millions of cubic feet. Before the rains of 1876, the dam was raised by 2 feet and was completed before, the end of 1876-77. In 1882-83 as the heavy floods which passed through the main canal had caused large deposits of silt in the canal, two of the four water-ways of the masonry escapes were enlarged. The total outlay to the end of 1882-83 had been Rs. 3,76,250. The available area under the immediate command of the canal was 12,124 acres.

The area watered in 1882-83 was 1,023 acres and the water assessment Rs. 3,527. In 1882-83 the gross earnings from the lake amounted to Rs. 3,997. The per-acre water-rates' charged were, for twelve months' crops, Rs. 12; for eight months' crops, Rs. 4; for late and four months' crops, Rs. 2; for early or dry crops, Re. 1; and for special hot-weather crops, Rs. 4. During the 11 years ending 1881-82, the area watered had risen from 363 acres to 785 acres, the receipts from Rs. 970 to Rs. 4,480, and the charges from Rs. 50 to Rs. 1,750. The following statement gives area irrigated under the project since 1871-72:—

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Early

Late

Total

Early

Late

Total

1871-72

--

--

363

1920-21

--

--

587

1872-73

--

--

65

1935-36

153

449

602

1873-74

44

156

200

1936-37

106

608

714

1874-75

100

289

389

1937-38

111

425

536

1875-76

85

229

314

1938-39

83

469

552

1876-77

124

215

339

1939-40

275

329

604

1877-78

234

321

555

1940-41

107

162

269

1878-79

279

231

510

1941-42

108

198

306

1879-80

429

303

732

1944-45

198

519

717

1880-81

420

337

757

1945-46

--

518

518

1881-82

375

410

785

1946-47

222

375

597

1890-91

N.A.

N.A.

1,251

1947-48

278

638

916

1900-01

N.A.

N.A.

1,039

1948-49

271

544

815

1910-11

N.A.

N.A.

1,068

1949-50

203

619

822

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Early

Late

Total

Early

Late

Total

1950-51

136

465

601

1956-57

--

400

400

1951-52

109

475

584

1957-58

27

553

580

1952-53

97

294

391

1958-59

100

559

659

1953-54

234

381

615

1959-60

127

573

700

1954-55

114

347

461

1960-61

59

606

665

1955-56

63

476

539

     

Ojhar Canal: The head-works of this canal are on the left bank of the Pravara above the village of Ojhar, about ten miles below the town of Sangamner. At this point the river drains an area of about 600 square miles.

Besides distributing channels of a total length of twenty miles, the Ojhar canal is nineteen miles long. The discharge at the canal head was 113 cubic feet a second and the arable area commanded was 20,088 acres. In March 1869, when the people were suffering from the failure of crops caused by drought, the earth-work was begun as a relief work. Water was not used till 1874-75. In 1876-77 ten miles of the canal were opened. The remaining work of the canal was completed in 1879. The canal is completely bridged and regulated. A weir of rubble masonry, 830 feet long and twenty-nine feet in maximum height, on the top of a rocky barrier, raises the water to the head-works. The whole outlay to the end of 1882-83 was Rs. 3,11,020. During the five years ending 1878-79, the average acre rate for watering land was Rs. 2 and annas 21/3. In 1882-83, 3,161 acres were watered. The following statement gives the area irrigated by the canal since 1874-75:—

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Early

Late

Total

Early

Late

Total

1874-75

8

--

8

1890-91

N.A.

N.A.

3,162

1875-76

--

185

185

1900-01

N.A.

N.A.

7,380

1876-77

363

1,018

1,381

1910-11

N.A.

N.A.

2,628

1877-78

877

963

1,840

  

(Right and Left Canals)

1878-79

125

433

558

  

1879-80

249

703

952

1920-21

N.A.

N.A.

26,574

1880-81

1,319

1,842

3,161

   

(Right and Left Canals)

1881-82

1,296

1,797

3,093

   

The Ojhar right bank canal was also constructed. It increased the area under command by the left bank canal and benefited the extremely dry tract in Sangamner and Rahuri talukas. In 1910-11 it irrigated an area of 157 acres and the same was increased to 11,455 in 1920-21.

Lakh Canal: The head-works of this canal are on the left bank of the Pravara river, twenty-eight miles below those of the Ojhar canal. A masonry weir, 1,290 feet long and 15 feet in maximum height, founded on rock, raises the water to the level of the canal. The canal is twenty-three miles long and it crosses portions of Rahuri and Nevasa on the left bank of the Pravara, with twenty-two miles of distributing channels. The twenty-three miles of canal command 23,026 acres of fine arable black soil lying between the meeting of the Pravara and the Godavari. The canal is completely bridged and regulated. The first three miles were opened in March 1868. Two miles more were opened in the following June, and in August 1869 water was passed along 21 miles. The extension to twenty-three miles and the tail distributaries were begun in 1872-73 and completed in 1873-74. To the end of 1882-83 the total outlay amounted to Rs. 3,62,370. During the 14 years ending 1881-82 the area watered had varied from 21 acres in 1870-71 to 1,541 acres in 1877-78. The area irrigated by this canal since 1873-74 is given below:—

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Year

Area irrigated in acres

Early

Late

Total

Early

Late

Total

1873-74

66

51

117

1880-81

190

152

342

1874-75

14

56

70

1881-82

134

182

316

1875-76

12

81

93

1890-91

N.A.

N.A.

433

1876-77

55

1,148

1,203

1900-01

N.A.

N.A.

982

1877-78

541

1,000

1,541

1878-79

27

95

122

1910-11

N.A.

N.A.

240

1879-80

26

45

71

1920-21

N.A.

N.A.

741

These irrigation works were followed by Bhandardara tank, Godavari right and left bank canals and many other works which increased the area under irrigation in the district. The table No. 18 gives the culturable area, irrigable area and the area actually irrigated by the old works and the table No. 19 supplies details regarding new major, medium and minor irrigation projects under the charge of Ahmadnagar Irrigation Division.

TABLE No. 18—AREA IRRIGATED BY OLD WORKS IN AHMADNAGAR DISTRICT

(In acres)

Year

Godavari Right Bank Canal

Godavari Left Bank Canal

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Area irrigated

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Area irrigated

1920-21

--

--

36,699

--

--

19,746

1935-36

136,390

49,331

  9,990

--

--

7,738

1936-37

136,390

49,331

27,663

--

--

17,806

1937-38

136,390

49,331

21,976

--

--

12,530

1938-39

136,390

49,331

15,863

--

--

11,739

1939-40

136,390

49,331

19,734

--

--

13,754

1940-41

136,390

49,331

20,872

--

--

15,858

1941-42

136,390

49,331

18,591

--

--

14,531

1944-45

136,390

49,331

30,608

--

--

17,944

1945-46

136,390

49,331

32,934

--

--

21,277

1946-47

136,390

49,331

33,675

--

--

22,978

1947-48

136,390

49,331

29,948

83,000

30,109

19,223

1948-49

136,390

49,331

23,027

83,000

30,109

17,724

1949-50

136,390

49,331

28,540

83,000

30,109

22,980

1950-51

136,390

49,331

30,961

83,000

30,109

22,920

1951-52

136,390

49,331

30,442

83,000

30,109

21,173

1952-53

136,390

49,331

29,305

83,000

30,109

22,352

1953-54

136,390

49,331

36,618

83,000

30,109

24,132

1954-55

136,390

49,331

37,005

83,000

30,109

25,834

1955-56

136,390

49,331

40,047

83,000

30,109

25,896

1956-57

136,390

49,331

15,061

83,000

30,109

19,193

1957-58

136,390

49,331

36,363

83,000

30,109

28,492

1958-59

136,390

49,331

20,485

83,000

30,109

1,40,370

1959-60

136,390

49,331

40,620

83,000

30,109

30,299

1960-61

136,390

49,331

41,189

83,000

30,109

26,353

continued..

Pravara Right Bank Canal

Pravara Left Bank Canal

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Area irrigated

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Area irrigated

-- -- -- -- -- --

58,415

16,960

8,158

124,561

40,040

29,058

58,415

16,960

16,633

124,561

40,040

57,425

58,415

16,960

11,613

124,561

40,040

41,687

58,415

16,960

9,696

124,561

40,040

40,508

58,415

16,960

14,719

124,561

40,040

49,578

58,415

16,960

15,714

124,561

40,040

61,329

58,415

16,960

16,534

124,561

40,040

59,045

58,415

16,960

17,426

124,561

40,040

56,731

58,415

16,960

21,894

124,561

40,040

68,079

58,415

16,960

24,638

124,561

40,040

65,392

58,415

16,960

22,159

99,025

40,040

61,919

58,415

16,960

19,497

99,025

40,040

815

58,514

16,960

27,289

99,025

40,040

70,728

58,514

16,960

27,727

99,025

40,040

66,806

58,514

18,400

22,338

99,025

40,040

59,872

58,514

18,400

22,180

99,025

40,040

58,788

58,514

18,400

22,905

99,025

40,040

57,623

58,514

18,400

19,510

99,025

40,040

51,686

58,415

18,400

17,953

99,025

30,800

48,093

58,415

18,400

8,885

99,025

30,800

24,410

58,415

18,400

23,107

99,025

30,800

51,828

58,415

18,400

17,871

99,025

30,800

48,276

58,415

16,960

15,263

99,025

40,040

41,417

58,415

16,960

20,426

99,025

40,040

49,857

TABLE No. 19—INFORMATION REGARDING IRRIGATION PROJECTS
IN AHMADNAGAR DISTRICT

Name of the work

Type

Taluka

Taluka or Talukas served

Year of

Commencement

Completion

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

1. Wilson dam at Bhandar-dara.

Major

Akola

Part areas of Sangamner, Shrirampur, Nevasa Rahuri talukas. and

1910

1926

continued..

Cost of construction in rupees

Gross area

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Description of the work

Crops irrigated and rates of irrigation per acre

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

 

Acres

Acres

Acres

  

Rs.

1,13,90,060

98,807

1,56,440

57,000

Masonry dam, 1,600 feet in length and 270 feet in height. The water from dam is let into river from dam-site upto Ozar weir in Sangamner taluka and from Ozar weir it is let into Pravara Left and Right Bank Canals.

Cane

180

Rabi

9

L. Grass

120

F. Block

120

Kharif crops

6

TABLE No. 19—contd.

Name of the work

Type

Taluka

Taluka or Talukas served

Year of

Commencement

Completion

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

2. Ghod dam

Medium

Shirur, District Pune.

Part areas of Shrigonda and Karjat talukas from Ahmadnagar district and part areas of Shirur taluka of Pune district.

1954

1966

3. Visapur tank

Medium

Shrigonda

Villages from Shrigonda taluka— (1) Pimpalgaon Pisa, (2) Bel-wandi, (3) Kolgaon (4) Ghargaon, (5) Pisore Bk., (6) Baburdi, (7) Yelapne, (8) Loni Vyankanath, (9) Pargaon, (10) Shirasgaon, (11) Shrigonda.

1896

1927

4. Gunwadi tank

Minor

Ahmadnagar

Areas of villages—Gunwadi, Hatavalan, Rui Chattishi, Ambilwadi, Mathpimpri.

1951

1955

5. Durgaon tank

Minor

Karjat

Areas of villages Durgaon, Rashin, Therwadi.

N.A.

1953

6. Bahiroba-wadi tank

Minor

Karjat

Part areas of village Karjat.

1946

1953

7. Limajewadi tank

Minor

Shrigonda

Part areas of villages Ghargaon and Limajewadi.

1944

1947

8. Kolgaon tank

Minor

Shrigonda

It is a feeding tank for Visapur canal.

1952

1956

9. Guravpimpri tank

Minor

Karjat

Part areas of villages Gurav-pimpri, Mirajgaon and Ravalgaon.

1951

1955

10. Chincholi Gurav tank

Minor

Sangamner

Part areas of village Chincholi Gurav.

1963

1965

continued..

Cost of construction in rupees

Gross area

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Description of the work area

Crops irrigated and rates of irrigation per acre

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

 

Acres

Acres

Acres

  

Rs.

Estimated cost revised to 599 lakhs.

1,30,936

1,03,400

62,400

Earthen dam with length of embankment 10,900 feet and height 97 feet with gated weir. The water from dam is let into canal with Ghod Left and Right Bank head regulators.

Cane

180

Rabi

9

L. Grass

120

F. Block

120

Kharif crops

6

40,44,332

95,000

76,000

13,143

Earthen dam 84 feet in height partly clear overfall and partly submerged type W. W. There is only one canal on left bank with a length of 16 miles.

Cane

180

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

15.88,787

7,000

5,600

1,700

Earthen dam 44 feet in height with round crested clear overfall type weir, one canal on right bank side, 10 miles in length.

Kharif and rabi  crops.

 

7,76,062

2,000

1,600

1,080

Earthen dam: Height of dam 36.50 feet with channel type W. W., canal on left bank side is 7 miles in length.

Kharif and rabi  crops.

 

7,15,975

1,323

814

525

Earthen dam with masonry clear overfall type W. W. Height of the bank is 32.60 feet. There is only one canal on left bank side, 8 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

4,27,543

--

--

600

Earthen dam with masonry clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 41.32 feet. There is only one Canal on left bank.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

13,13,363

--

--

1,200

Earthen dam with masonry round crested clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 47 feet. There is only one canal on left side, 6 miles in length. The canal joins Visapur tank canal.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

11,49,573

3,600

2,880

1,300

Earthen dam with masonry round crested free overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 47 feet. There is only one canal on left side which is 6 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

5,07,600

800

640

375

Earthen dam with drowned channel type W. W. Height of the dam is 43.70 feet. There is only one canal 2 miles in length on right bank side.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

TABLE No. 19—contd.

Name of the work

Type

Taluka

Taluka or Talukas served

Year of

Commence-ment

Completion

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

11. Loharekasare tank

Minor

Sangamner

Part areas of village Loharekasare.

1963

1965

12. Ambhore tank

Minor

Sangamner

Part areas of villages Ambhore, Kolwade, Pimparne.

1963

1967

13. Kamargaon tank

Minor

Ahmadnagar

Part areas of village Kamargaon.

1965

Under construction

14. Deulgaon Siddhi tank

Minor

Ahmadnagar

Part areas of village Deulgaon Siddhi.

1962

Do.

15. Mohori tank

Minor

Jamkhed

Part areas of villages Mohori, Jamkhed.

1966

Do.

16. Mohari tank

Minor

Pathardi

Part areas of village Telan-gashi.

1967

Do.

17. Pargaon- sudrik tank

Minor

Shrigonda

Part areas of village Pargaon-sudrik.

1966

Do.

18. Adhala tank at Deothan

Medium

Sangamner

Part areas of villages in Akola and Sangamner talukas.

1966

Do.

19. Malunje tank

Minor

Sangamner

Part areas of villages Digras, Malunje, Hangewadi, Kanoli.

1969

N.A.

continued..

Cost of construction in rupees

Gross area

Culturable area

Irrigable area

Description of the work

Crops irrigated and rates of irrigation per acre

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

 

Acres

Acres

Acres

  

Rs.

4,73,243

800

640

441

Earthen dam with drowned channel type W. W. Height of the dam is 34. 80 feet. There is only one canal of 2 miles in length on right bank side.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

18,82,621

1,200

960

874

Earthen dam with clear overfall with ogee shape W. W. Height of the dam is 20. 30 metres. There is only one canal of 3 miles in length on right bank side.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

15.88 lakhs

1,400

1,120

885

Earthen dam with drowned channel type W. W. Height of the dam is 43.71 feet. There is only one canal on left bank side, 4 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

18.23 lakhs

1,600

1,280

905

Earthen dam with drowned channel type W. W. Height of the dam is 47.61 feet. There is only one canal on right bank side of 4 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

13.00 lakhs

900

720

638

Earthen dam with clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 46.46 feet. There is only one canal on right bank side with 2 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

19.08 lakhs

1,398

955

800

Earthen dam with clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 47.84 feet There is only one canal on left bank which is 2.5 miles in length.

Kharif

6

Rabi

 

7.58 lakhs

600

480

355

Earthen dam with drowned channel type W. W. Height of the dam is 41.48 feet There is only one canal on right bank with a length of 2.5 miles.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

197.22 lakhs

18,750

13,600

9,700

Earthen dam with clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 131.75 feet There are two canals. The Length of the right bank canal is 11.8 km and that of the left bank canal 8.3 km.

Kharif

6

Rabi

9

10.61 lakhs

500

299

264

Earthen dam with clear overfall type W. W. Height of the dam is 13.02 metres. There is only one canal on left bank 2.5 km. in length.

Kharif

and rabi

Note.Kharif crops include bajri, mug, kaduwal, hulga, groundnut etc. while Rabi crops include rabi jowar, wheat gram etc.

Mula Project: This masonry ogee spillway irrigation project is under construction since June 1957 near village Baregaon Nandur in Rahuri taluka. It will be the biggest project in the district. Its catchment area is 878 square miles. Its length and maximum height above the deepest bed are 9,250 feet and 153 feet, respectively. Its estimated cost is Rs. 16,11 lakhs. The other details of the project are as follows:—

1. Storage (Gross)

@ R.L. 26,000 Mcft.

@ R.L.—1812.

2. Storage (Live)

@ R.L. 21,500 Mcft.

@ R.L.—1812.

3. Storage (Dead)

@ R.L. 4,500 Mcft.

@ R.L.—1748.

4. Submerged area: 13,312 acres or 21.80 square miles.

5. Length of main canal

Mula Right Bank Canal =36 miles. Two branches=44 miles (22 miles each). Mula Left Bank Canal=11 miles. Pravara Right Bank Canal = 5 miles.

6. Head discharge of main canal.

(1) Mula Right Bank Canal= 1,400 cusecs.

(2) Mula Left Bank Canal=250 cusecs.

7. Gross commanded area

(1) Mula Right Bank Canal=2,10,200 acres.

(2) Mula Left Bank Canal = 42,000 acres.

 

 

2,52,200 acres.

8. Culturable commanded area

(1) Mula Right Bank Canal = 1,78,660 acres.

(2) Mula Right Bank Canal = 35,700 acres.

   

2,14,360 acres.

9. Total area irrigated annually

(1) Mula Right Bank Canal = 1,34,000 acres.

(2) Mula Left Bank Canal = 25,000 acres.

 

 

1,59,000 acres.

Besides the above described major, medium and minor irrigation projects in charge of Irrigation Department, a large number of small and minor irrigation works under the supervision of the Zilla Parishad, Ahmadnagar provide another important source of irrigation. The table No. 20 gives details regarding such irrigation works. Table No. 21 gives the statistics of sources of water-supply and area irrigated by them taluka-wise in Ahmadnagar district from 1961-62 to 1965-66.

TABLE No. 20—NEW MINOR IRRIGATION WORKS UNDER AHMADNAGAR ZILLA PARISHAD

Serial No.

Location of the percolation tank

Taluka

Estimated cost in lakhs (Rs.)

Area irrigated (indirectly) (in acres)

Brief description

Remarks

Capacity of the tank in M. cft

Length of dam in feet*

Height of dam in feet*

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

1

Maldad

Sangamner

3.67

172

11.47

1,280

45.23

Work completed.

2

Talegaon

Sangamner

3.27

185

12.30

2,430

32.97

Do.

3

Malegaon

Sangamner

0.12

18

1.20

455

23.65

Do.

4

Panodi

Sangamner

1.12

90

6.00

830

27.35

Do.

5

Manchi

Sangamner

1.66

150

10.00

379 M.

8.83 M.

Do.

6

Khanjapur

Sangamner

1.76

151

10.09

368 M.

10.62 M.

Work in progress.

7

Pemgiri

Sangamner

4.39

307

20.46

317 M.

13.50 M.

Do.

8

Lohare

Sangamner

4.88

375

25.00

523 M.

7.00M.

Do.

9

Daithane Gunjal

Parner

0.64

45

2.97

639

25.33

Work completed.

10

Takli Dhokeshwar

Parner

2.00

125

8.30

777

37.11

Do.

11

Alkuti

Parner

2.07

135

9.02

930

39.24

Do.

12

Panoli-Pimpalner

Parner

4.63

300

20.00

1,682

42.81

Work in progress.

13

Parner

Parner

3.67

243

16.23

1,770

49.48

Do.

14

Astagaon

Parner

3.57

210

14.10

1,680

30.47

Do.

15

Goregaon

Parner

5.57

300

20.00

1,793

42.72

Do.

16

Vilad

Ahmadnagar

4.04

367

24.50

1,325

40.33

Do.

17

Takli Kaji

Ahmadnagar

5.57

300

20.00

1,596

39.52

Do.

18

Khandke

Ahmadnagar

2.09

117

7.82

226 M.

12.36 M.

Do.

*Note.—M. = Metres.

TABLE No. 20contd.

Serial No.

Location of the percolation tank

Taluka

Estimated cost in lakhs (Rs.)

Area irrigated (indirectly) (in acres)

Brief description

Remarks

Capacity of the tank in M. cft

Length of dam in feet*

Height of dam in feet*

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

19

Majalechincholi

Ahmadnagar

1.29

76

5.07

920

39.82

Work in progress.

20

Udarmal

Ahmadnagar

2.02

105

6.18

1,400

32.00 '

Do.

21

Sandawe

Ahmadnagar

2.63

136

9.06

1,057

37.31

Do.

22

Pisore Khand

Shrigonda

2.26

170

11.35

1,980

32.89

Work completed.

23

Jambhul Nalla

Shrigonda

4.29

492

32.80

2,431

32.21

Do.

24

Arangaon

Shrigonda

1.77

120

7.69

1,488

25.35

Do.

25

Kolgaon

Shrigonda

4.34

266

17.71

1,585

34.70

Work in progress.

26

Bhangaon

Shrigonda

4.61

439

29.25

2,660

38.16

Do.

27

Ghogargaon

Shrigonda

5.36

300

20.00

2,290

31.71

Do.

28

Bavi

Jamkhed

1.19

80

5.31

281 M.

8.50 M.

Do.

29

Shiur

Jamkhed

3.50

135

9.00

1,024

46.00

Do.

30

Diksal

Karjat

1.44

81

5.39

953

24.25

Work completed.

31

Deshmukhwadi

Karjat

0.56

75

5.00

--

--

Do.

32

Chilwadi

Karjat

0.99

74

4.92

1,485

32.75

Do.

33

Khandavi

Karjat

2.95

193

12.85

1,262

35.61

Do.

34

Kopardi

Karjat

4.05

750

50.00

2,282

41.37

Do.

35

Chincholi Ramzan

Karjat

1.45

88

5.87

1,025

31.41

Do.

36

Chapadgaon

Karjat

1.14

63

4.19

790

28.83

Do.

37

Bhose

Karjat

1.83

103

6.85

1,250

32.39

Work in progress.

38

Pandavdagar

Karjat

5.38

358

23.90

1,965

37.65

Do.

continued..

39

Benwadi

Karjat

2.30

124

8.25

330 M.

9.37 M.

Work in progress

40

Karanji

Pathardi

2.02

150

10.00

800

39.80

Do.

41

Shirsatwadi

Pathardi

5.55

450

30.00

1,940

42.03

Work stopped due to obstruction of land.owners.

42

Madhi

Pathardi

4.98

450

30.00

570

40.00

Work in progress.

43

Shiral

Pathardi

4.97

450

30.00

615 M.

40.00

Do.

44

Khirvire

Akola

2.66

240

16.00

477 M.

16.00 M.

Work stopped.

45

Ambhol

Akola

3.28

268

17.86

291 M.

19.00 M.

Work in progress.

46

Dhamangaon Awari

Akola

1.57

90

6.00

--

--

Do.

47

Loni Kh.

Shrirampur

4.12

320

21.35

3,225

28.65

Work completed.

48

Adgaon

Shrirampur

0.40

31

2.09

260

19.01

Do.

49

Pimpri Nirmal

Shrirampur

0.44

33

2.21

885

21.00

Do.

50

Rodam Nalla

Shrirampur

1.71

108

7.20

--

--

Work stopped due to obstruction of land owners.

51

Korhale

Kopargaon

2.42

132

8.40

2,315

26.90

Work in progress.

52

Jolki

Kopargaon

2.23

144

9.58

649 M.

7.04 M.

Do.

53

Pimpaldara

Rahuri

3.30

206

13.73

2,090

37.27

Work completed.

54

Nimbhere

Rahuri

0.98

66

4.40

322 M.

8.69 M.

Do.

55

Wambori

Rahuri

0.81

48

3.20

340 M.

25.00

Do.

56

Malharwadi

Rahuri

0.71

55

3.66

177.45 M.

28.61

Do.

57

Moraya Chinchore

Nevasa

1.00

50

3.37

1,145

22.30

Do.

58

Wanjoli

Nevasa

2.57

164

10.93

550 M.

8.57 M.

Work in progress.

59

Ranegaon

Shevgaon

2.29

104

6.96

985

32.00

Work to be started.

60

Waghere

Akola

0.82

61

4.01

605

40.40

Work completed.

*Note.—M.=Metres.

TABLE No. 21—SOURCES OF WATER-SUPPLY AND AREA IRRIGATED IN EACH TALUKA OF AHMADNAGAR DISTRICT, 1961-62 AND 1965-66

Taluka

Year

Canals

Government

Private

Number

Mileage

Number

Mileage

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

Ahmadnagar

1961-62

--

--

198

223

1965-66

--

--

198

223

Sangamner

1961-62

3

26

10

22

1965-66

3

26

10

22

Akola

1961-62

--

--

124

235

1965-66

--

--

124

235

Kopargaon

1961-62

2

118

--

--

1965-66

2

118

--

--

Shrirampur

1961-62

3

34

--

--

1965-66

4

34

--

--

Rahuri

1961-62

2

26

--

--

1965-66

2

26

--

--

Nevasa

1961-62

1

5

120

190

1965-66

1

5

--

--

Shevgaon

1961-62

--

--

--

--

1965-66

--

--

--

--

Pathardi

1961-62

--

--

--

--

1965-66

--

--

--

--

Parner

1961-62

--

--

115

53

1965-66

--

--

115

53

Shrigonda

1961-62

3

28

3

9

196566

3

28

3

9

Karjat

1961-62

3

21

--

--

1965-66

3

21

--

--

Jamkhed

1961-62

--

--

--

--

1965-66

--

--

--

--

District Total

1961-62

17

258

562

732

1965-66

18

258

442

542

1967-68

19

137

322

458

continued..

Wells

Number of wells used for domestic purpose only

Number of wells not in use

Tanks

No. of wells used for irrigation (Private)

With ayacut 100 acres or more

With ayacut less than 100 acres

Total

Masonry

Non-masonry

Total

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

(14)

5,820

845

6,665

725

65

3

--

3

6,120

810

6,930

745

65

3

--

3

6,595

792

7,387

861

320

--

7

7

8,081

360

8,441

745

287

--

7

7

1,032

274

1,306

473

65

--

--

--

1,032

274

1,306

473

65

1

--

1

4,204

610

4,814

715

376

--

--

--

6,300

1,481

7,781

785

200

--

--

--

6,218

1,144

7,362

657

335

--

--

--

6,460

1,219

7,679

675

315

--

--

--

3,690

275

3,965

372

237

--

1

1

4,003

162

4,165

374

235

--

1

1

5,461

909

6,370

36

147

--

--

--

5,667

859

6,526

36

137

--

--

--

3,445

548

3,993

129

153

--

--

--

3,645

548

4,193

129

153

--

--

--

5,200

526

5,726

874

419

--

--

--

5,780

480

6,260

880

410

--

--

--

5,947

1,400

7,347

653

703

--

7

7

6,261

1,165

7,426

653

685

--

7

7

4,562

476

5,038

920

412

3

--

3

4,562

476

5,038

920

412

3

--

3

2,812

1,127

3,939

--

772

3

--

3

3,125

1,318

4,443

--

705

4

--

4

4,155

420

4,575

450

60

--

--

--

4,310

370

4,680

460

90

--

--

--

59,141

9,346

68,487

6,865

4,064

--

--

--

65,346

9,522

74,868

6,875

3,759

--

--

--

53,230

13,214

66,444

6,939

11,649

25

3

28

TABLE No.21—contd.

Taluka

Year

Number of oil engines

Net area irrigated by

Government canals

Private canals

Tanks

Wells

Other source

Total

(1)

(2)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

(21)

Ahmadnagar

1961-62

493

--

463

1,814

33,880

--

36,157

1965-66

592

--

--

699

24,339

--

25,038

Sangamner

1961-62

825

3,135

183

--

13,658

--

16,976

1965-66

1,536

1,417

--

--

18,623

--

20,040

Akola

1961-62

113

--

1,297

--

1,504

--

2,801

1965-66

421

189

1,093

--

1,469

189

2,940

Kopargaon

1961-62

2,609

47,765

--

--

28,794

--

75,559

1965-66

2,962

63,612

--

--

23,341

--

86,953

Shrirampur

1961-62

1,228

36,542

--

--

25,922

--

62,464

1965-66

1,500

45,186

--

--

26,975

--

72,161

Rahuri

1961-62

514

16,532

--

--

15,650

--

32,182

1965-66

766

19,143

--

--

25,743

200

45,086

Nevasa

1961-62

617

1,817

315

--

12,145

--

14,277

1965-66

725

1,810

--

--

13,544

--

15,354

Shevgaon

1961-62

92

--

--

--

11,474

--

11,474

1965-66

214

--

--

--

13,573

--

13,573

Pathardi

1961-62

200

--

--

--

14,333

--

14,333

1965-66

851

--

--

--

15,643

--

15,643

Parner

1961-62

350

--

1,540

--

19,536

--

21,076

1965-66

382

--

230

--

20,846

--

21,076

Shrigonda

1961-62

210

13,164

--

--

25,032

--

38,196

1965-66

325

14,362

--

--

20,311

--

34,673

Karjat

1961-62

172

--

--

899

20,523

1,424

21,422

1965-66

784

--

--

4,713

20,878

1,100

26,691

Jamkhed

1961-62

148

--

--

--

13,096

--

13,096

1965-66

225

--

--

--

17,664

--

17,664

District Total.

1961-62

7,571

1,18,955

3,798

2,713

2,35,547

--

3,61,013

1965-66

11,283

 1,45,719

1,323

5,412

2,42,949

1,489

3,96,892

1967-68

11,266

 1,31,900

800

900

2,20,200

--

3,53,800

continued..

Percentage of net area irrigated to net area sown

Area irrigated more than once in the same year

Total gross area of crops irrigated (21 +23)

Percentage of total gross irrigated area to total area sown

Number of wells having independent ayacuts

Number of wells supplementing recognised sources of irrigation

Percentage of area irrigated by wells having independent ayacuts to the total area irrigated

(22)

(23)

(24)

(25)

(26)

(27)

(28)

--

3,113

39,270

--

--

--

--

9

4,629

29,667

10

--

--

--

--

4,697

21,673

--

--

--

--

8

3,450

23,490

9

--

--

--

--

414

3,215

--

--

177

--

1

1,208

3,959

2

--

177

12

--

3,946

80,505

--

--

--

--

39

5,522

92,475

42

--

--

--

--

2,239

64,703

--

1,144

--

32

44

2,675

74,856

45

1,219

--

5

--

3,086

35,268

--

--

--

--

27

1,923

47,009

27

--

--

--

--

3,805

18,082

--

--

--

--

6

3,837

19,191

7

--

--

--

--

1,692

13,166

--

--

--

--

6

3,604

17,177

7

--

--

--

--

3,741

18,074

--

--

--

--

7

4,957

20,600

8

--

--

--

--

7,665

28,741

--

--

--

--

6

6,195

27,271

8

--

--

--

--

6,151

44,347

--

--

--

--

12

4,426

39,099

13

--

--

--

--

3,005

25,386

--

2,772

--

45

10

4,063

30,754

11

3,115

--

15

--

3,222

16,318

--

20

--

--

10

4,036

21,700

11

27

--

--

--

46,776

4,08,748

--

3,936

177

38

14.23

50,525

4,47,246

15.38

4,361

177

10.66

11.30

62,200

4,16,000

12.60

36,682

177

--

TOP