AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

CONDIMENTS AND SPICES

Chillis: Condiments and spices grown in the district include chillis, garlic and coriander. Of these, chillis is the most important crop and accounts for a comparatively higher tillage area. Table No. 12 gives taluka-wise distribution of area under condiments and spices from 1961-62 to 1965-66. Chillis are grown mostly in Jamkhed, Karjat, Nevasa, Shrigonda, Sangamner and Parner talukas. The crop can be grown on a variety of soils and in a wide range of climatic conditions. It gives higher yield in loamy and black soils. Chilli-crop is generally grown in kharif season. It can be raised as a single crop

TABLE No. 11—AREA AND OUT-TURN OF SUGARCANE IN AHMADNAGAR DISTRICT FROM 1961-62 TO 1965-66 AND 1971-72

Taluka

Year

Area (in acres)

Out-turn (in tons)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Ahmadnagar

1961-62

903

4,478

1962-63

377

1,683

1963-64

423

1,818

1964-65

726

3,241

1965-66

914

4,080

1971-72

632

--

Sangamner

1961-62

3,561

15,897

1962-63

2,457

10,969

1963-64

2,199

9,817

1964-65

2,714

12,116

1965-66

4,627

20,656

1971-72

3,302

--

Akola

1961-62

758

3,045

1962-63

597

2,469

1963-64

462

1,887

1964-65

552

2,034

1965-66

726

2,929

1971-72

423

--

Kopargaon

1961-62

30,469

1,36,022

1962-63

28,044

1,29,661

1963-64

24,748

1,22,536

1964-65

29,076

1,29,804

1965-66

31,791

1,41,924

1971-72

15,818

--

Shrirampur

1961-62

3,04,030

1,51,920

1962-63

32,580

1,45,446

1963-64

32,188

1,43,696

1964-65

35,350

1,57,812

1965-66

36,343

1,62,246

1971-72

15,709

--

Rahuri

1961-62

11,413

50,906

1962-63

9,703

43,317

1963-64

9,701

43,308

1964-65

11,652

52,018

1965-66

13,840

6,786

1971-72

7,550

--

Nevasa

1961-62

2,592

11,571

1962-63

1,329

5,933

1963-64

1,431

6,388

1964-65

2,522

11,259

1965-66

2,859

12,763

1971-72

2,312

--

TABLE No. 11—contd.

Taluka

Year

Area (in acres)*

Outturn (in tons)*

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Shevgaon

1961-62

538

2,402

1962-63

162

812

1963-64

202

902

1964-65

403

1,799

1965-66

716

3,196

1971-72

537

--

Pathardi

1961-62

322

1,435

1962-63

186

830

1963-64

177

790

1964-65

427

1,906

1965-66

398

1,777

1971-72

388

--

Parner

1961-62

311

1,388

1962-63

155

683

1963-64

110

491

1964-65

123

549

1965-66

268

1,196

1971-72

66

--

Shrigonda

1961-62

1,630

7,277

1962-63

843

3,763

1963-64

995

4,292

1964-65

761

3,397

1965-66

1,228

5,482

1971-72

1,618

--

Karjat

1961-62

1,268

5,616

1962-63

441

1,924

1963-64

523

2,335

1964-65

1,144

5,707

1965-66

1,813

8,094

1971-72

639

--

Jamkhed

1961-62

268

1,196

1962-63

110

491

1963-64

131

585

1964-65

222

991

1965-66

347

1,549

1971-72

210

--

District Total

1961-62

3,58,063

3,93,153

1962-63

76,984

3,47,981

1963-64

73,290

3,38,825

1964-65

84,672

3,82,633

1965-66

95,870

3,72,678

1971-72

49,204

3,47,800

* Figures for the year 1971-72 are given in hectares and out-turn in metric tonnes. Taluka-wise break-up of out-turn is not available.

or sometimes planted as subordinate to the other garden-crops. The field is thoroughly cultivated and well manured. The seedlings are first raised in a nursery and when they become about eight weeks old, they are transplanted at a distance of about two feet. When the plants are well established, they are earthed up by forming a little mound of soil round the plants at the stems. After about 2 months from planting the first fruits are formed. Picking goes on for three to five months. Both green and red chillis are harvested. The red chillis are dried and then marketed. Various varieties including lavangi, bor-mirachi, etc., are grown in the district. Chillis are used in various food preparations. They are extensively used in chutnees and pickles.

Garlic: Garlic is an important spice, but it is grown on a very small area in the district. In 1965-66 it occupied only 400 acres in the district. The crop is raised singly and always as a cold-weather and irrigated one. The land is cultivated by ploughing and harrowing it. Manure is also liberally applied. The small flattish bulbs are broadcast in October in the specially-prepared beds, and lightly covered with soil. The crop is irrigated every ten or twelve days, according to the requirements. After about five months the crop shows signs of ripening as the leaves turn yellow. The bulbs are uprooted either by hand or with a very light pick-axe. Its roots and tops are removed and then the bulbs are spread for drying. Garlic is used in various preparations like chutnees, seasoning vegetables, in curries and pickles.

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